Today’s discussion will seek to address the topic of childhood vaccine preventable diseases. I decided to have this discussion today as I read an article where there are some countries that were deciding not to have children vaccinated as a result of the pandemic. There are people around the world that does not think it is important to have children vaccinated. However, In my opinion from a review of the general public health I think it is a wise idea to have your child or children vaccinated once there isn’t any contraindication. As being immunized will help to prevent spread of diseases to the general populace.
Prior to the introduction of vaccines, millions of children died or suffered long term infirmities from disease such as diphtheria, measles, polio, tetanus, meningitis and pertussis. Most of these diseases are extremely transmissible, spreading rapidly through populaces, with often devastating consequences. Immunization programmes benefit each vaccinated child and they stop the transmission of disease to others.
According to UNICEF In 2018 , 116 million children were vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DPT) yet millions of children are still not reached by potentially life saving vaccines. Immunization is one of the most cost effective public health interventions which prevents an estimated 2-3 million deaths every year. As a direct result of immunization the various countries worldwide is closer to eradicating polio, with only three remaining polio endemic countries( Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan). Deaths from measles, which is responsible for most childhood deaths has shown a decline by 80% worldwide between 2000-2017 preventing an estimated 21.1 million deaths. And as of March 2019 only 13 countries have eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus, a disease with a fatality rate of 70-100 per cent among newborn(UNICEF, 2019).
Vaccination is a significant method to safeguard infants wellbeing. Vaccinations can inhibit the spread of serious diseases which are covered by vaccination. Failure to vaccinate may mean putting children at risk for severe and sometimes deadly diseases. Infants are particularly susceptible to infections; that is why it is so imperative to safeguard them with immunization. Immunization help prevent the spread of disease and protect infants and toddlers against dangerous complications. Adults can also be immunized against these dangerous diseases if they have not been duly immunized ,make an appointment at your doctor’s office or visit your nearest health center. Speak to your community health nurse/ public health nurse and take you and/ your child/ren immunization card or book to keep your records updated.
Some common vaccine preventable diseases are ;
- Pertussis(whooping cough)
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b)
- Rubella(German measles)
- Chicken pox(varicella )
Vaccine trivia did you know The world’s first vaccine, Dr. Edward Jenner’s smallpox vaccine, was actually made from cowpox virus. Jenner called the process “vaccination” from vacca, a Latin word for cow. Do you have any information to add ? please place them in the comment section below , like ,share and follow to kept updated.